, USA is located in the south-central United States and covers an area of 52,420 square miles (135,767 sq km). As of 2022, the estimated population of Alabama is 5,074,296. The state capital is Montgomery and Alabama is bordered by Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, and Mississippi with the Gulf of Mexico to its southwest.
In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union and became a part of the Confederacy. It was readmitted in 1868 and during Reconstruction, efforts to include African Americans in government failed. Segregationist policies remained in effect until the 1960s.
The state has made great strides since then, transforming from a primarily cotton-based economy to one that is much more diverse. Birmingham has become an industrial hub while Mobile has developed into a major ocean terminal.
Nicknamed the “Yellowhammer State”, Alabama also goes by the moniker “Cotton State”. Its motto is “We Dare Defend Our Rights” and the state bird is the yellowhammer and wild turkey. The state flower is the common camellia and oak-leaf hydrangea. The official state song is “Alabama”.
As of 2021, Alabama has seven seats in the US House of Representatives out of 435. Time zone wise, it is a part of the Central time zone (GMT – 6 hours).