The climate of Texas
has diverse climate types that range from arid and semi-arid in the west to humid and subtropical in the east. The huge expanse of the state creates various weather patterns based on location such as the north and northern panhandle, west, east, south, and the coastal regions. Texas shares borders with New Mexico in the west, Oklahoma in the north, Louisiana in the east, the Gulf of Mexico in the southeast, and the Mexican states of Tamaulipas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon in the southwest.
Texas, the Lone Star state, has plains in the north, which exhibit a semi-arid climate with average annual precipitation of 18" (457mm) to 20" (508mm). The northern panhandle is one of the coldest areas in Texas and receives the most snow in the state to the tune of an annual 25" (635mm) to 30" (762mm). Winters are cold, while summers are hot with clear skies. The region is part of the Tornado Alley of the country.
The Big Bend Country composes of the western and west-central regions and is made of the desert and lone mountain ranges with arid and temperate climate patterns. Annual precipitation is the lowest of approximately 15" (381mm) in the state in the arid areas, while the mountains receive heavy snowfall. Summers are dry, while the rest of the year in this region has the clearest skies in Texas.
Central Texas is made of hills and rivers and ranges from semi-arid in the western part to subtropical in the rest. Summers are hot and humid, while winters are mild. Average annual rainfall is in the range of 21" (533mm) in the west to 35" (889mm) in the rest of the region. Higher elevations have coniferous tree cover and receive more rainfall than the river valleys that comprise of deciduous trees.
The eastern part of Texas lies in the humid subtropical zone and receives annually 60" (1524mm) of rain, the most in the state. April
, and June
are usually the rainiest, while the parts near the coast are mostly cloudy throughout the year. Severe thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes are frequent in the region generally during the spring season. Summer season is hot and humid in the east, but the coastal sections remain relatively cool in the proximity of the Gulf of Mexico.
South Texas is the southern tip of the American Great Plains region: coastal regions have moderate temperatures, while further inland, the climate patterns mimic that of the Northern Plains. Summers are usually hot and dry in the south, and snowfall is rare. Rain is more abundant in the coastal regions than the inland ranch type areas, which mostly have a semi-arid climate.
Texas experiences thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes during late spring and early summer. April and May during the spring are usually the rainiest in most regions of the state. Seymour recorded the highest ever temperature of 120°F (48.9°C) on August
12, 1936, in Texas, while Seminole recorded the coldest temperature of -23°F (-30.6°C) on February
The best time to visit Texas
The best time to visit Texas
is in the shoulder seasons from March
Summer has many activities but tends to be hot, dry, and humid in most regions of the state. The spring and autumn are mild and have comfortable temperatures, although there is a bit of rain in spring. Fall is even more attractive due to the dispersal of the summer crowds, relatively lesser rain and day temperatures in the pleasant zone of 70°F (21.1°C) to 80°F (26.7°C). Winter is cold in some parts and prone to snowfall, especially in the northern part of Texas.
The worst time to visit Texas
has mild to cold winters and hot and humid summers. While there is no period of terrible weather during the year, the worst time to visit Texas is mostly during the summer as the temperatures are hot, particularly in the semi-arid and arid regions of the state. The subtropical regions of the state are humid and rainy during the summer. Additionally, thunderstorms add to summer woes, and there are better days during the spring and autumn when the tourist population is lesser than the swelling numbers from June
is vulnerable to wildfires, thunderstorms, hurricanes, flooding, and tornadoes in late spring and early summer - the northern panhandle lies in the Tornado Alley of America. On average, 139 tornadoes of varying intensities hit the state every year.
The northwestern location of the state concerning the Gulf of Mexico makes it prone to tropical cyclones. Cyclones mostly cause heavy rains and catastrophic flooding. Thunderstorms are frequent in north and eastern Texas in spring and summer.
Weather in January
is generally the coldest month of the year in Texas
as the average low temperatures in a few places drop below freezing. Nights are cold in the arid west where they plummet even below 23°F (-5°C) when the day temperatures are above 55°F (12.8°C). Weather in January »
Weather in February
is a mild winter month in Texas
as the state experiences diverse weather from warm days to cold nights in different regions. The average high temperatures in the state are in the 58°F (14.4°C) to 75°F (23.9°C), while the average low temperatures lie between 26°F (-3.3°C) to 56°F (13.3°C). Weather in February »
Weather in March
is a beautiful month that starts the spring season in Texas
with warm weather amid a pickup in the rain. The majority of the state sees between 3" (76mm) to 4" (102mm) of rain except for the arid areas of the west where it ranges between 1" (25mm) to 2" (51mm). Weather in March »
Weather in April
lies during the spring season with warm temperatures and unpredictable weather. The weather can range from warm to hot, humid, and rainy. April is one of the rainiest months in Texas
with an average of 3" (76mm) to 4" (102mm) of precipitation. Weather in April »
Weather in May
is sunny and bright in Texas
and sees a rise in temperatures across the state. Days are hot and humid as the average temperatures range from 82°F (27.8°C) to 95°F (35°C), while the nights are warm with average temperatures in the 60°F (15.6°C) to 70°F (21.1°C). Weather in May »
Weather in June
is hot as the sun shines relentlessly in the Texan summer. The average high temperatures are in the sweltering 86°F (30°C) to 98°F (36.7°C) zone, while the average low temperatures are between 67°F (19.4°C) to 76°F (24.4°C). Weather in June »
Weather in July
is a hot summer month in Texas
with moderate rainfall and an average of 24 sunny days during the month. Day temperatures are in the 92°F (33.3°C) to 100°F (37.8°C) in the majority of the state, while nights are warm at 67°F (19.4°C) to 75°F (23.9°C); mercury readings of 100°F (37.8°C) are common, yet the tourist season is at its peak. Camping, hunting, and fishing are favorite activities for tourists, and the heat, surprisingly, does not undermine their spirits. Weather in July »
Weather in August
is usually the hottest month of the year in Texas
. The scorching heat sees average high temperatures in the 93°F (33.9°C) to 101°F (38.3°C) range in the state. Nights are warm and retain humidity in the east and southern coastal areas. Weather in August »
Weather in September
is a transitional month from the hot summer of Texas
and is sunny with warm temperatures. The average high temperatures are in 85°F (29.4°C) to 91°F (32.8°C) range, and the average low temperatures are in the warm 60°F (15.6°C) to 70°F (21.1°C) range. Weather in September »
Weather in October
lies in the beautiful autumn season in Texas
with mild temperatures and pleasant weather. Average high temperatures tend to be warm in the day in the 75°F (23.9°C) to 85°F (29.4°C), while the nights are pleasant with average low temperatures in the 55°F (12.8°C) to 60°F (15.6°C) range. October is a mix of cloudy skies in many regions and bright sunny days. Weather in October »
Weather in November
is one of the best times to visit Texas
as the brief autumn season approaches its end. The weather in Texas is temperate in most of the places with the average high temperatures in the 60°F (15.6°C) to 70°F (21.1°C). Weather in November »
Weather in December
lies during the winter with the average high temperatures in the 50°F (10°C) to 72°F (22.2°C) range and the average low temperatures in the cold to warm 31°F (-0.6°C) to 53°F (11.7°C) range across the state. Rain is negligible in western Texas
, while the rest of the state experiences 2" (51mm) to 3" (76mm) of rain, and the coastal areas get the maximum of 5" (127mm). Snowfall is more in the panhandle and western mountains, while it is less in the rest of the state. Weather in December »